Through breast reduction surgery it is possible to raise, reshape and reduce large breasts.
The procedure removes excess fat, glandular tissue and skin from the breast, leaving the patient with a breast size which is in proportion with their body, alleviating the discomfort which can come with overly large breasts.
The self consciousness and emotional discomfort many women experience due to having large pendulous breasts is as important an issue as the physical discomfort and pain.
There are four important parameters that define the beauty of a breast:
- Location on the chest wall
- Proportions of the breast in relation to the torso
- Aesthetically pleasing shape
- Symmetry of both breasts in volume and shape
The challenge in breast reduction surgery is that all these parameters are affected and therefore need addressing to achieve an excellent result.
Breast reduction is a highly individualised procedure. To achieve a predictable and safe result a few key anatomical considerations need to be made.
This is the footprint the breast makes on the chest wall, similar to the outline a house makes on a parcel of land. The platform forms the basis or foundation of the overlying three-dimensional structure of the breast.
The goal of breast reduction surgery is to return the breast mound back to its original position higher on the chest wall.
This refers to the three-dimensional shape, projection and volume of the breast tissue on top of the breast platform. In building terms, this is analogous not only to the size of a building, but also the shape and form of the building.
In breast hypertrophy, the mound is too large and deformed. The breast mound needs not only a reduction, but also a lift and a reshaping.
My preference is to perform the breast reduction with an a superomedial pedicle, which just means that the blood supply to the breast mound and nipple come from a blood source above and to the midline of the chest wall.
After the breast mound has been reshaped and repositioned on the chest wall, the skin envelope needs reduction to fit the newly shaped breast mound. A skin envelope of appropriate quantity functions like a well-fitted bra, holding the breast tissue in an appropriate position.
Of the many different types of breast reduction operations available, my preferred skin envelope and therefore final scar is one that has a suture line around the areolar with an inverted T scar running vertically down and then across at the level of the inframammary fold. In my opinion this leads to the quickest healing, but more importantly the most predictable and therefore most reproducible results.
What are the potential risks and complications of breast reduction?
Some possible complications and risks specific to breast reduction surgery include:
- Surgical risks such as bleeding and infection
- Seroma accumulation under the breast. This fluid may need to be drained under ultrasound guidance.
- Visible and prominent scars including keloid and hypertrophic scars
- Swelling and bruising around the breasts which takes 2-3 months to settle
- Fat necrosis of the breast. This is a result of poor blood supply to the fat cells. These shows themselves as small firm lumps.
- Changes in breast and nipple sensation
- Temporary or permanent areas of numbness around the scars
- Asymmetry of the breasts
- Partial or total loss of the nipple and areola
- Need for further surgery to treat complications
- Revisional surgery to correct any unevenness between the two sides
- A blood clot in the legs (DVT), which can move to the lungs and may be life threatening
How much does breast reduction cost?
Costs associated with a breast reduction varies between $12,000-$17,000 depending on a number of factors, including:
- Anaesthetist’s fees
- Private hospital or day surgical facility fees
- Need for post-operative garments
- Your level of private insurance cover
- Surgical assistant’s fee
After our consultation my staff will give you an itemised account of the total cost.
Breast Reduction FAQs
Yes, breast reduction surgery should be considered permanent, although the remaining fat cells are likely to swell and increase in size if you gain weight. Similarly, if you fall pregnant, the breast tissues will swell or take on the fluid to store milk. Other causes for breast swelling include natural or synthetic hormones which may make them tender to the touch. If you take hormonal supplements, it is quite possible to gain small amounts of breast tissue back. The exception is in virginal hyperplasia/hypertrophy, where the estrogen levels are high, and the development of the breast may be ongoing.
The incisions for a breast reduction are usually made within the natural folds under the breasts, sometimes around the areolae, and in a line from the crease to the areolae. Some procedures require only a keyhole incision. The surgery is complicated and not minor, so you should expect to have some breast reduction scars. Any unnecessary scarring is generally avoided, however when opting for the non-liposuction techniques, the scarring is visible. Discuss with your doctor to find out their incision placement of choice.
After breast reduction surgery, your breasts will remain smaller than they were prior to the procedure. They should remain this same size or a similar size unless you gain or lose a significant amount of weight or become pregnant. The effects of aging and gravity may also cause the breasts to sag over time, which would occur even at the larger size.